By Tracey L Adams
The historic improvement of dentistry as a career in Ontario from the overdue 19th century to the top of the 1st international warfare is used as a case examine to discover the importance of gender, relatively masculinity, within the formation of professions. Adams argues that gender used to be principal to the institution of the dental occupation. over the years, dentistry built from being a exchange to garnering specialist prestige. The early dentists labored to recruit, and certainly established the career in this kind of means as to recruit, middle-class white males into the career. Gender and sophistication divisions have been drawn upon either to outline and bonafide expert roles and claims to specialist prestige; through definition, a certified was once a gentleman.
.A Dentist and a Gentleman. makes use of historic records together with dental journals and dental board and organization assembly mins to element either the foremost occasions within the institution of the dental occupation and the efforts leaders to outline and constitution their career to fulfill the gentlemanly excellent. .A Dentist and a Gentleman. is a attention-grabbing social historical past for an individual drawn to career construction and gender and professions.
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Extra info for A Dentist and a Gentleman: Gender and the Rise of Dentistry in Ontario
Other men were criticized for their effeminacy and lumped with women as dependent and over-emotional (see also Bederman 1995; Carnes 1989). In this manner, the language of manhood and gender identity was used by men to further their causes - as Morgan (1996) shows with respect to early nineteenth-century political reformers - and to assert their status and superiority as compared with another group of men. To summarize, in the nineteenth century, manhood was by no means a certainty for middle-class men.
Hence, there was much talk and debate among the board members over opening a dental school. After much infighting and debate, two schools were established in 1868-9. One was sponsored by the dental board, and one was a proprietary school established by a few members of the dental board on their own. Both schools failed, without generating much income or interest. An additional proprietary school was established in 1871-2 but it also failed. In the hopes of raising the standard of men entering the dental profession, a matriculation exam for incoming dental students was established in 1872.
With the association more established, and busy drafting a bill to licence dentists, Toronto dentists and those from southwestern Ontario finally took notice. The third meeting of the ODA took place in Toronto in January 1868, with between sixty and seventy dentists in attendance. They must have represented a sizeable proportion of the established dentists practising in the province, as the 1861 census lists a total of 114 dentists in Ontario, while the 1871 census lists 230. By 1868 most educated, established dentists in Ontario seemed to have been members of the ODA.
A Dentist and a Gentleman: Gender and the Rise of Dentistry in Ontario by Tracey L Adams