By Diana M. Goodwin (auth.)
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Neuropsychology
BEAD STRINGING: (Stanford-Binet subtest) suitable for severely impaired brain-damaged patients. , 1961) a selfrating depression scale that explores mood, sense of failure, indecisiveness, work inhibition, and appetite; may be denied by patient or easily manipulated to look good or bad depending upon the desire of the patient. BEHAVIORAL RATING SCALES: some are designed to be administered by ward staff or care takers and contain many observational questions regarding orientation and behavioral functioning; Geriatric Rating Scale; Stockton Geriatric Rating Scale; Sandoz Clinical Assessment - Geriatric; Dementia Rating Scale; Developmental Scales; Longitudinal evaluation of head-trauma patients; Boyd Developmental Progress Scale; Vineland Social Maturity Scale; Gesell Developmental Schedules; Adaptive Behavior Scale; Balthazar Scales of Adaptive Behavior; Glasgow Coma Scale; Galveston Orientation andAmnesia Test; posttraumatic amnesia questionnaire; Glasgow Outcome Scale; Katz Adjustment Scale: Relative's Form; Portland Adaptability Inventory; Rappaport Disability Rating Scale; Social Status Outcome Scale; PULSES; Sickness Impact Questionnaire.
BLOCK-TAPPING: (Milner, 1971) Corsi's test of immediate recall span; sensitive to right-temporal lobe resections when significant amounts of the hippocampus are removed. BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER: (cerebral) a barrier separating the blood from the parenchyma of the central nervous system; consists of the walls of capillaries of the CNS and the surrounding glial membranes; filters, inhibits, prohibits passage of certain substances into the brain including antibodies (Reitan & Wolfson, 1985). BLOOD PRESSURE: the pressure of the blood on the walls of the arteries, dependent on the energy of the heart action, the elastic40 B ity of the walls of the arteries, and the volume and viscosity of the blood; maximum pressure occurs near the end of the stroke output of the left ventricle of the heart and is termed maximum or systolic pressure; minimum pressure occurs late in ventricular diastole and is termed minimum or diastolic pressure; mean blood pressure is the average of the blood pressure levels; basic blood pressure is the pressure during quiet rest or basal conditions.
AUDITORY - VERBAL PERCEPTION TEST: when impairment in auditory processing is suspected, the examiner can couple an auditorally presented test with a similar task presented visually. AUDITORY VESTIBULAR NERVE (VIII): hearing. , or may simply be a feeling that the seizure is going to occur. AURAL: hearing; 8th cranial nerve; auditory-vestibular nerve. AURAL VERTIGO: see Meniere's disease. AUSTIN MAZE: (Walsh, 1978) electrically activated maze developed to study self-correcting behavior as well as the ability to follow instructions; patients whose executive abilities are impaired may have difficulty learning from their mistakes, switching to alternative response pattern, or attending to the rules.
A Dictionary of Neuropsychology by Diana M. Goodwin (auth.)