Read e-book online A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 PDF

By Michael D. Bordo, Anna J. Schwartz

ISBN-10: 0226065901

ISBN-13: 9780226065908

ISBN-10: 0226066924

ISBN-13: 9780226066929

This can be a well timed evaluate of the surest protecting the a hundred and ten years of its operation till 1931, while Britain deserted it in the course of the melancholy. present dissatisfaction with floating charges of trade has spurred curiosity in a go back to a commodity average. The experiences during this quantity have been designed to achieve a greater realizing of the old top of the line, yet additionally they throw mild at the query of even if restoring it this day might support healing inflation, excessive rates of interest, and occasional productiveness progress. the quantity encompasses a overview of the literature at the classical highest quality; reports the adventure with gold in England, Germany, Italy, Sweden, and Canada; and views on overseas linkages and the soundness of price-level developments less than the top-rated. The articles and commentaries mirror powerful, conflicting perspectives between hte contributors on problems with vital financial institution habit, purchasing-power an interest-rate parity, self reliant financial rules, fiscal progress, the "Atlantic economy," and tendencies in commodity costs and long term rates of interest. this can be a considerate and provocative ebook.

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See Jevons [1863] 1884. Marshall, Alfred. [1887] 1925. Memorials of Alfred Marshall. Ed. A. C. Pigou. Reprint. London: Macmillan. Michaely, Michael. 1971. The responsiveness of demand policies to balance ofpayments: Postwar patterns. Studies in International Relations, no. 5. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research. Morgenstern, Oskar. 1959. Internationalfinancial transactions and business cycles. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Sayers, Richard S. 1936. Bank of England operations, 1890-1914.

64). Indeed, for Ricardo, the key advantage of the gold standard was that adherence to the standard acted as a check against the overissue of paper money-it provided discipline (p. 78). Balance-oJ-Payments Adjustment Mechanism Beginning with the natural distribution of precious metals, Ricardo demonstrated how this distribution would be neutral with respect to monetary changes. Any movement away from the natural distribution would be corrected by the price-specie-flow mechanism. Thus if a gold mine were discovered in one country the currency of that country would be lowered in value in consequence of the increased quantity of the precious metals brought into circulation, and would therefore no longer be of the same value as that of other countries.

And this equality between private expenditures and private incomes tends ultimately to produce equality between the commercial exports and imports. (Pp. 142-43) Law of One Price According to Thornton, different prices within Great Britain for identical goods cannot exist as long as country bank notes are convertible into Bank of England notes. A very considerable advance in the price of commodities bought and sold in one quarter of this kingdom, while there was no such rise in any other, was not supposable; because the holders of the circulating medium current in the spot in which goods were .

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A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 (National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report) by Michael D. Bordo, Anna J. Schwartz


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