By Dorothy Lamb Crawford
This e-book is the 1st to check the bright collecting of composers, conductors, and different musicians who fled Nazi Germany and arrived within the la quarter. Musicologist Dorothy Lamb Crawford appears heavily on the lives, inventive paintings, and impact of 16 performers, fourteen composers, and one opera level director, who joined this giant migration starting within the Thirties. a few during this crew have been recognized after they fled Europe, others may achieve attractiveness within the younger musical tradition of la, and nonetheless others struggled to set up themselves in an atmosphere frequently proof against musical innovation. Emphasizing person voices, Crawford offers brief photos of Igor Stravinsky, Arnold Schoenberg, and the opposite musicians whereas additionally contemplating their effect as a group—in the movie undefined, in track associations in and round l. a., and as academics who expert the following iteration. The publication unearths a uniquely bright period whilst Southern California grew to become a hub of unparalleled musical expertise.
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Additional info for A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Emigres and Exiles in Southern California
The training was rigorous, and there was a constant need to bridge the cultural differences. From the European point of view, said Marta Feuchtwanger, the novelist’s wife, “There are very great differences between the Americans and the Europeans. . When you come from Europe, the Germans are so individual, and every neighbor is an enemy; here people are so neighborly and helpful. . It’s a kind of very easy relationship between people here—maybe not so very deep sometimes, but it is the only way to live together.
Strecker continued to counter harsh correspondence and negotiations about Stravinsky’s “degenerate Bolshevik art,” but Stravinsky’s German performing engagements dwindled, and his royalties ceased. In November 1934, to counteract a boycott of Stravinsky’s works, Strecker placed an article in the Frankischer Kurier, in which he stated that Stravinsky was reported by Richard Strauss to have been enthusiastic about the ideas of Hitler. ”42 Stravinsky, virtually stateless since the October 1917 Russian Revolution, took French citizenship.
From 1934 until 1938 Korngold worked seasonally in Hollywood, returning to Austria each summer. He brought his family to Hollywood during a film assignment in 1936 because one of his sons had tuberculosis. For those who came as political refugees, with virtually nothing, Southern California offered less expensive housing, heating, clothing, and food than the East Coast cultural centers. S. immigration laws, which dated from 1921, gave precedence to the highly talented among the refugees. Temporary visitor visas were based on the immigration quotas of their various countries of application, but these had to be extended every six months.
A Windfall of Musicians: Hitler's Emigres and Exiles in Southern California by Dorothy Lamb Crawford